The Delhi Agreement on the Repatriation of War and Civilian Internees is a tripartite agreement between the above-mentioned States, signed on 28 August 1973. The agreement was signed by Kamal Hossain, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Government of Bangladesh, Sardar Swaran Singh, Minister of Foreign Affairs of India, and Aziz Ahmed, Minister of State for Defence and Foreign Affairs of the Government of Pakistan.    The immediate result of the 1971 war between India and Pakistan was the change of government in Pakistan and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, the majority leader of West Pakistan, took power on December 20, 1971. The 1971 war led to the dismemberment of East Pakistan. Pakistan had lost nearly 54 percent of its population and 93,000 of its soldiers and civilians were held by India. Therefore, the first challenges of the new government were to resolve the state of emergency and resolve the prisoners of war problem as quickly as possible. After the war, India and Pakistan were in direct contact through diplomatic channels and both recognized the need to start negotiations. From 12 January 1972 to 30 April 1972, the two countries showed their propensity for dialogue through press releases and open discussions at the first level. Finally, it was agreed that talks between the President of Pakistan, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, and Indra Gandhi, Prime Minister of India, would begin on 28 June 1972. February 2007 – Pakistan and India sign an agreement to reduce the risk of accidental nuclear war. The Simla Agreement or Shimla was concluded on 3 July Signed on 7 July 1972 in Shimla, the capital of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, between India and Pakistan.
 It was followed by the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971, which led to the independence of Bangladesh, formerly known as East Pakistan and part of the territory of Pakistan. India entered the war as an ally of Bangladesh, turning the war into the Indo-Pakistani war of 1971.  Pakistan ratified the Simla Agreement on 15 July and India on 3 August, after which the Agreement entered into force on 4 August 1972. For Prelims et Mains: Has The Simla Agreement – origin, impact and results been successful? The agreement reaffirmed that efforts are being made to end as much as possible all these disputes and disputes that have created differences of opinion between the two countries over the past 25 years. . . .